The important initiative and policy he took for the well fair of the country has a great impact nationally. On his 96 birth anniversary we will take a quick glance about 5 key step by him.
25th of December is great day of celebration, but apart from Christmas, this day is also marked as a birthday of our Late PM Atal Bihari Vajpayee. He was one of the admired politician in independent India. he born in 1924, in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh to a middle class brahmin family. he persuaded masters in political science, from DAV College Kanpur with first class degree. He first step into politics during Quit India Movement in 1942. Vajpayee and his elder brother join this movement after getting a call from Mahatma Gandhi, he was very highly influenced from Syamaprashad Mookherjee after joining the Bhartiya Jan Sangh in 1951.
Vajpayee won the Balrampur election in 1957 of Uttar Pradesh state. From 1969 to 1972 he was the president of that party. subsequently he was also the minister of external affair. when the Janata party won the election Moraji Desai became the prime minister of the country.
After 3 years, Vajpayee with his collegues L.K. Advani, Bhairon Singh Shekhawat and several others joined Jan Sangh from RSS to form Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP). And became the party president. In the year 1984 the party won only two seats in lok sabha election, but Vajpayee did not failed to cross the political strom. even during that tough time he ruled his party. he also partcipate in the protest led by Viswa Hindu Parishad and RSS for the ram janmabhoomi mandir.
after a decade BJP Vajpayee came back again in the stage of political centre. For his extra ordinary skill he was the only non congress politician who won the chair three times after Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi. Vajpayee came to power for the first time on May 16, 1996, by forming a minority government. But his government barely lasted a fortnight till June 1 as it failed to pass the floor test.
For the second time he came back as a prime minister on march 18, 1998. The NDA proved its majority in the house but the government lasted for only 13 months after jayalalitha withdraw her support. the government lost the election in lok sabha by a single vote.
After the fresh election in 1999, NDA came back with its majority and Vajpayee again elected as the prime mister of India for the third time. He lasted till 2004 completing a full term of five years, The important initiatives he presided over, the crucial policies his government formulated had a far-reaching and profound impact on the country’s On his 96th birthday anniversary, here is a look at the key decisions taken by late Vajpayee that transformed the country radically.
INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA
India witnessed a rapid growth of infrastructure development under the leadership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee. When he came back to power in 1998, he made the interconnected highways, and launched the Golden Quadrilateral, which connects major industries and cultural centres across the length and breadth. He also connects major metro centres of the country with the roads and highways. Vajpayee firmly believed that construction and infrastructure advancement would act as harbingers of economic development. Another contribution made by Vajpayee in developing the country’s moribund infrastructure was by launching the rural roads scheme called the Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojana (PMGSY). The project aimed at providing all-weather connectivity to hitherto unconnected villages. Farmers and rural artisans were connected to the nearby urban centres which enhanced their business and employment prospects and brought greater prosperity.
WAYS OF TRANSFORMING INDIA INTO A NUCLEAR POWER
Among several other decision vajpayee’s one decision led the country towards development, he turned India into a nuclear power. Where he proved that India’s decisions would be guided by its self-interest and not by the geopolitical pressures. After his second come back he immediately ordered nuclear test. which was though unsucessful.
SCHEME – “SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN”
As India remained a developing country, Vajpayee took the responsibility to teach everyone by launching the scheme “SARVA SHIKSHA ABHIYAN” in 2001, aimed at providing elementary education to all in a time-bound manner and achieving universal literacy. The initiative was mandated by the 86th Amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory education to children between the ages of 6 to 14 a fundamental right.
NEW TELECOM POLICY
The New Telecom Policy ended the hegemony of government-owned telecom companies and catalysed the participation of private companies that kicked up a telecom revolution. The government waived off a fixed fee that the telecom companies were asked to pay for using the spectrum. Instead, the companies were asked to share a part of their revenue under the new telecom policy. The New Telecom Policy touched off a massive revolution, bringing in more revenue from the greater amounts of profits made by the private players. The new policy also reduced the cost of telecom companies owned by the government. The policy made a clear separation between policy formation and service provision, turning the old telecom department into a corporation – BSNL.
FOUNDATION FOR STRONG ECONOMIC REFORM
Even though Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s ‘India Shining’ campaign failed in 2004 and UPA government came back in power, the country really shone in the years after Vajpayee when economic growth picked up to high single digits almost as soon as the NDA government lost. This was due to the economic reforms and the sound fundamentals of the Vajpayee years. In fact, Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the first Prime Minister of the country to have a separate disinvestment ministry. The Vajpayee government privatised as many as 12 public sector companies during their tenure, including behemoths such as Maruti Udyog, Hindustan Zinc, Bharat Aluminium, Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited and many others.